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Showing posts from August, 2021

How to Find Best Journal for Mathematics in Scopus with Current Indexing

A.P.J. Abdul Kalam biography

  By: Astha Raghav  A.P.J. Abdul Kalam   , in full Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam , (born October 15, 1931, Rameswaram , India—died July 27, 2015, Shillong), Indian scientist and politician who played a leading role in the development of India's  missile and nuclear weapons  programs. He was president   of India from 2002 to 2007. Kalam earned a degree in aeronautical engineering   from the Madras Institute of Technology and in 1958 joined the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). In 1969 he moved to the Indian Space Research Organization , where he was project director of the  SLV-III, the first satellite launch vehicle  that was both designed and produced in India. Rejoining DRDO in 1982, Kalam planned the program that produced a number of successful missiles, which helped earn him the nickname “Missile Man.” Among those successes was Agni, India’s first intermediate-range ballistic missile , which incorporated aspects of the SLV-III and was launched in 1989.

Goods and Services Tax

  By: Astha Raghav  The goods and services tax (GST) is a value-added tax levied on most goods and services sold for domestic consumption. The GST is paid by consumers, but it is remitted to the government by the businesses selling the goods and services. The goods and services tax (GST) is an indirect federal sales tax that is applied to the cost of certain goods and services. The business adds the GST to the price of the product, and a customer who buys the product pays the sales price inclusive of the GST. The GST portion is collected by the business or seller and forwarded to the government. It is also referred to as Value Added Tax( VAT) in some countries. Most countries with a GST have a single unified GST system, which means that a single tax rate is applied throughout the country. A country with a unified GST platform merges central taxes (e.g., sales tax, excise duty tax, and service tax) with state-level taxes (e.g., entertainment tax, entry tax, transfer tax, sin tax, and lu

Say No To Crackers

  By: Astha Raghav  DIWALI and one can hear the sounds of firecrackers exploding from all directions. People of all age groups are fascinated with firecrackers, which form a prominent part of the Diwali celebrations. Firecrackers are known to cause air pollution as well as noise pollution and are extremely harmful for senior citizens and small children.   Pets such as dogs and cats also suffer on account of firecrackers as animals have a more sensitive sense of hearing than humans.  Firecrackers can cause hearing loss, high blood pressure, sleeping disturbances and sudden exposure to loud noise can cause temporary or permanent deafness or even result in heart attack.  Diwali is the biggest festival of India and its sanctity should not be blown away in smoke. This festival of goodwill can be celebrated in a number of ways other than bursting firecrackers. Let each one of us take a pledge THIS DIWALI to "SAY NO TO CRACKERS" and invest in a safer and greener future. Diwali is th

Take Care of Stray Animals

  By: Astha Raghav  Every year, millions of animals end up in shelters all across the globe. These animals are either rescued from the streets or dropped off at the shelter. Though a lot of these shelters provide outstanding care and attention, there are still limitations to what they can do. As an individual, you can contribute to these efforts in a lot of different ways. Running a shelter involves a ton of work and they will need all the help they can get. Offering even a small donation or volunteering a short amount of your time can make a huge difference. Animals, whether we are aware or not, play a huge role in our lives and in the environment. Therefore, it’s in our best interest to help them however we can. Altruism aside, there are quite a few key reasons we should care for them. One reason is to prevent the spread of disease. Diseases, such as rabies, pose a huge threat to humans. The disease is fatal to humans, as well as to the animals who carry it. Infected animals become a

Role of youth in the development of country

By: Astha Raghav  It is a well-known fact that the youth of any country is a great asset. They are indeed the future of the country and represent it at every level. The role of youths in nation-building is more important than you might think. In other words, the intelligence and work of the youth will take the country on the pathway of success. As every citizen is equally responsible, the youth is too. They are the building blocks of a country.   The youth is important because they will be our future. Today they might be our partners, tomorrow they will go on to become leaders. The youths are very energetic and enthusiastic. They have the ability to learn and adapt to the  environment . Similarly, they are willing to learn and act on it as well to achieve their goals. Our youth can bring social reform and improvement in society. We cannot make do without the youth of a country. Furthermore, the nation requires their participation to achieve the goals and help in taking the country towa

Lal Bahadur Shastri Biography

By: Astha Raghav  Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri was born on October 2, 1904 at Mughalsarai, a small railway town seven miles from Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh. His father was a school teacher who died when Lal Bahadur Shastri was only a year and half old. His mother, still in her twenties, took her three children to her father’s house and settled down there. Lal Bahadur’s small town schooling was not remarkable in any way but he had a happy enough childhood despite the poverty that dogged him. He was sent to live with an uncle in Varanasi so that he could go to high school. Nanhe, or ‘little one’ as he was called at home, walked many miles to school without shoes, even when the streets burned in the summer’s heat. As he grew up, Lal Bahadur Shastri became more and more interested in the country’s struggle for freedom from foreign yoke. He was greatly impressed by Mahatma Gandhi’s denunciation of Indian Princes for their support of British rule in India. Lal Bahadur Sashtri was only eleven at t

Unrest among students

 By: Astha Raghav  Student unrest is one of the problems of the day. The problem, however, cannot be analyzed properly unless we view it in the larger context of general unrest and discontentment in the country. As the things are, there is growing dissatisfaction everywhere. Prices are soaring and the burden of taxation is growing heavier. Corruption is rampant everywhere. Academic institutions are no exception to it these have polluted the student’s minds and created unrest in their hearts. Growing frustration is the root cause of student’s unrest. An average student has nothing but frustration in store for him, especially in the matter of employment. He joins one or the other course of study without any definite aim of his life, so he is frustrated. Political exploitation is another cause of student unrest. The vested interests in all political parties try to use the force of students for their personal ends. They patronize the student leaders in times of their union elections and ul

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru Biography

  By: Astha Raghav  Jawaharlal Nehru :  (14 November 1889 – 27 May 1964) was an Indian independence activist and later the first prime minister of India. Considered one of the greatest statesmen of India and of the twentieth century, he was a central figure in Indian politics both before and after independence. He emerged as an eminent leader of the Indian independence movement, serving India as prime minister from its establishment in 1947 as an independent nation, until his death in 1964. He was also known as Pandit Nehru because of his roots in the Kashmiri Pandit community, while Indian children knew him better as Chacha Nehru. " Failure comes only when we forget our ideals, objective and principles"                                   - Jawarharlal Nehru             The son of Swarup Rani and Motilal Nehru, a prominent lawyer and nationalist statesman, Nehru was a graduate of Trinity College, Cambridge, and the Inner Temple, where he trained to be a barrister. Upon his ret

The importance of public transport

  By: Astha Raghav  Public transportation contributes to a healthier environment by improving air quality and reducing oil consumption, and through better land-use policies. It also helps to expand business development and work opportunities. And, it is critical for emergency situations requiring safe and efficient evacuation. In terms of energy consumption, public transportation is better than individualtransport in a personal vehicle. In England, bus and rail are popular methods of public transportation, especially in London. Public transportation is reducing energy consumption and harmful carbon dioxide (CO2) greenhouse gas emissions that damage the environment. Traveling by public transportation uses less energy and produces less pollution than comparable travel in private vehicles. The increase in the number of cars and bikes has added to various pollution problems. The smoke emitted from vehicles has made the cities living gas chambers. The new policies of economic liberalisation

Digital India

  By: Astha Raghav  Digital India is a campaign launched by the Government of India  in order to ensure the Government's services are made available to citizens electronically by improved online infrastructure and by increasing Internet connectivity or making the country digitally empowered in the field of technology.   The initiative includes plans to connect rural  areas with high speed internet  networks.It consists of three core components: the development of secure and stable digital infrastructure, delivering government services digitally, and universal digital literacy . Launched on 1 July 2015, by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, it is both enabler and beneficiary of other key Government of India schemes, such as BharatNet,   Make in India , Startup India and Standup India, Industrial corridors, Bharatmala, Sagarmala. As of 31 December 2018, India had a population of 130 crore people (1.3 billion), 123 crore (1.23 billion) Aadhaar digital biometric identity cards, 121 c

Biography of Mother Teresa

  By: Astha Raghav  Mother Teresa is also known as "Blessed Teresa of Calcutta". Her earlier name was Anjeza Gonxha Bojaxhiu. She was born on 26th August 1910 at the then Yugoslavia [ Non Republic of Macedonian]. She cameto India in 1926. Mother Teresa was Roman Ca6nun moved to Calcutta slum to serve God among the poorest of the poor. In 1950, she established the Missionaries of Charity to help the poor, helpless, disabled, diseased, refugees and lepers. Today, the  Missionary is present in more than 100 countries. She was awarded the title of Padam Shri in 1962. She received the Novel peace prize in 1979. Later in 1980, she received the title of  "Bharat Ratna" the highest civilian award in India.  She is the first citizen of India to win Novel Peace Prize.  She had once said, “Love cannot remain by itself – it has no meaning. Love has to be put into action, and that action is service.” Her work transcended geo-political borders and she encompassed the whole of hum


By: Astha Raghav.  Krishna Janmashtami, also known simply as Janmashtami or Gokulashtami, is an annual Hindhu festival that celebrates the birth of Krishna, the eighth avatar of Vishnu .  It is observed according to the Hindhu lunisolar calendar, on the eighth day (Ashtami) of the Krishna Paksha (dark fortnight) in Shraavana or Bhadrapad (depending on whether the calendar chooses the new moon or full moon day as the last day of the month), which overlaps with August or September of the Gregorian Calendar . It is an important festival, particularly in the Vaishnavism tradition of Hinduism. Dance-drama enactments of the life of Krishna according to the Bhagavata Purana  (such as Rasa Lila or Krishna Lila), devotional singing through the midnight when Krishna was born, fasting ( upavasa ), a night vigil (Ratri Jagaran ), and a festival (Mahotsav) on the following day are a part of the Janmashtami celebrations.   It is celebrated particularly in Mathura and Vrindavan, along with major Vais


By: Astha Raghav Technology today has revolutionalized our times in all possible ways. From dawn to dusk there is no time where we work without a gadget in our hand. Be it the global plague of mobile phones or our fingures struck on computers, i-pads,tabs, modern gadgets are such an integral part of our everyday life today that we can't really imagine a world without them. Today we are completely dependent on modern gadgets. Our mobile phone is like a personal secretary with accounts of all that we do everyday. The times when we remembered the phone numbers of important contacts have long gone, now that is the job of mobile to save it in its memory. Everywhere around, we can spot young people with headphones in their ear, connected to their i-pads and unaware of their surroundings. Modern gadgets seem to have helped to connect us virtually but in reality they have forced us to  an isolated life. The human connects, especially the amount of time we used to spend with family and frie


 By: Astha Raghav It should not take a doctor to tell you that laughing is good for health, a better way to cope with life than brooding over negative thoughts. Can there be a better way to greet the day than with a smile or a deep- bellied laugh? Laughingout loud helps more than endless rounds of medication. Not only is laughter therapy free and easy to practice, it can benefit in many ways. The benefits of laughter. It's true: laughter is strong medicine . It draws people together in ways that trigger healthy physical and emotional changes in the body. Laughter strengthens your immune system, boosts mood, diminishes pain, and protects you from the damaging effects of stress. Laughter is a good muscle-relaxant and reduces stress hormones, it increases the count of natural killer cells and raises antibody levels. 15 minutes of laughter is equivalent to 10 minutes of strenuous aerobic exercise. It is the enemy of anti-depressant pills and tranquillizers.   Laughter improves lung cap


  By: Astha Raghav  In recent years, India's tourism industry has made considerable progress. Tourism provides a travel based recreation with a change of place and a break from the monotony of daily life. It offers opportunities to move through the galleries of our glorious past, natural scenic beauty and brings people of different nations closer, offering them an opportunity to be familiar with the customs, traditions and culture of the society. In addition, the knowledge and experience gained can lead to harmonious and peaceful relationships. Tourism has the power to transform the social, economic and cultural fabric of a country.  The outlook for the tourism sector remains highly uncertain. The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic continues to hit hard, with international tourism expected to decrease by around 80% in 2020. Domestic tourism is helping to soften the blow, at least partially, and governments have taken impressive immediate action to restore and re-activate the sector, w


  By: Astha Raghav  Women in India, today, are becoming the most vulnerable section as far as their safety and security is concerned.  When we turn the pages of a newspaper, we come across many headlines reporting cases of molestation, harassment, trafficking, ill treatment of women in house, violence against women in remote areas, etc. Women feel unsafe and insecure and feel that their freedom and liberty are jeopardised. It is unbearable to imagine the plight of women who are sufferers of such crimes. It is a jolt on the confidence of the women, of society and on our judicial system.  We generally play the blame game for any such incidence and hence have not succeeded to reach the root cause of this issue.  An effective implementation of laws protecting women's rights is the first step in this direction.  There should be stringent laws and the perpetrators of such crimes should be severely punished. We also need to create social awareness about these issues and ostracise those wh

Grow More Trees To Reduce Pollution

 By:Astha Raghav  The alarm and the pain in the present situation which is cautioning people is the environmental pollution. Smoking chimneys, burning tree leaves and wastes, smoke spewing vehicles the city is almost dying. Year after year the situation is deteriorating and if nothing is done against this hazard, conditions will worsen further. The emergence of great factories and consumption of coal gas give rise to unprecedented air pollution.  Trees conserve energy. Three trees placed strategically around a single family home can cut summer air conditioning needs by up to 50 percent.  By reducing the energy demand for cooling our houses.  We reduce carbon dioxide and other pollution emissions from power plants. In this urban century when there are going to be an extra two billion people in cities, smart cities should be thinking about how nature and trees can be a part of the pollution to keep air healthy. Rather than to be blamed for inviting the worsen situation of pollution.  Peo